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43% of sole proprietorships in Bogotá are owned by women


43% of sole proprietorships in Bogotá are owned by women
43% of sole proprietorships in Bogotá are owned by women | Image taken from elnuevosiglo.com.co

When companies have a sole owner, 43% of these are women, while 57% are men. Likewise, when the company is owned by several owners, the participation of women in the shareholding composition is 40%. This is indicated by the Great Entrepreneurship Survey carried out by the Bogotá Chamber of Commerce, which makes a 360° x-ray of the business fabric. The report indicates that the most important decisions of companies are made by 24% by women, when they have commercial registration, by 30% by men, 44% as a whole and 2% with other mechanisms. In comparison, in productive units without a commercial registry, decisions are made 34% by women, 42% by men, 20% jointly, and 4% through other mechanisms. Companies in which decisions are made jointly between men and women show greater equality in the participation of women in management positions and, in general, in the workforce. This survey, conducted in conjunction with the Centro Nacional de Consultoría, which was applied to 2,272 businessmen, is the only measurement in Bogotá and the Region that makes an x-ray of the companies, their owners and decision makers, which provides tools that guide the construction of public policy and strategies for business strengthening. One of the main conclusions revealed by this survey is that there is a marked difference in the level of business development in businesses that have a commercial registry compared to those that do not, especially in aspects such as employed personnel, the reasons for creation, self-recognition, means of payment, among others. The survey reveals that, of the companies with commercial registration, 43% were created in the last five years and 19% in the last two years, which shows a young business mass. The Great Survey also allows us to understand the reasons why companies and businesses are being created. This is how half of the companies created (51%) started because they identified a business opportunity as one of the main reasons; 32% to practice their trade or professional career and 12% have no other income alternative. In the case of productive units without commercial registration, it was 45%, 28% and 42%, respectively.


Access to financing


For companies with commercial registration, the three main sources of financing used to start this company or business were: own resources or savings (82%), family loans (37%), bank loans (29%). This shows that there are still significant challenges for the use of bank resources to start the business. In the case of productive units without commercial registration it was 46%, 26% and 19%, respectively.


Employment

Likewise, the consultation allows a characterization of those who work for companies in Bogotá and the region. In this sense, it is found that 59% of the companies with a commercial registry have up to three employees, and in the productive units that do not have a commercial registry, 82% have up to three collaborators, including the owner. 10% of the companies mentioned having employed a person with a disability in the last 12 months, while in production units without commercial registration this percentage reaches 6%. Regarding the employability of young people, for companies with commercial registration, 29% of people who worked there in the last 12 months are young people between 18 and 28 years old, including the owner or owners. In the case of productive units without commercial registration, this percentage is 27%. The survey shows the importance of keeping accounts in companies and businesses, to the extent that this is a fundamental mechanism to have clarity in the way in which they operate, and is the main input to access financing with banks. . According to the results of the survey, 74% of the companies with a commercial registry keep the accounts, 43% have an accountant who is not part of the company's payroll, and in general, 31% use specialized software for this. task. In contrast, the productive units that do not have a commercial registry in 60% of the cases keep accounts; Of these, 72% are managed by the owner, and in general, 84% use a notebook for this task.


Article taken from elnuevosiglo.com.co

By: El Nuevo Siglo


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