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Do you want to continue growing in your company? Teleworking is your best option

Colombia has legislation in the three modalities of work outside the office, work at home (Law 2088 of 2021), remote work (Law 2121 of 2021) and teleworking (Law 1221 of 2008).

The Ministry of Labor regulated, with Decree 555, remote work in which it made clear the duties and rights of the parties involved.

Although teleworking, remote work and work at home may seem the same, they are three different remote work modalities. Below we explain each of these options, which, thanks to technology, Colombians have today:

  • Work at home occurs in exceptional situations, such as the one caused by the Covid-19 pandemic. It was during the years 2020 and 2021 that work at home gained strength in the country.

  • Remote work was recently regulated under Decree 555 and consists in the fact that the collaborator carries out his work 100% virtual. The contract is signed without the physical presence of the worker, which is why alternation is not allowed in this modality.

  • Teleworking is based or supported by its performance in Information and Communication Technologies. The physical presence of the worker in a specific site is not required, but the employer can implement the rotation, in which the worker performs his duties two or three days at home and the rest from the office.

Remote work and telecommuting

At the end of 2021, the Ministry of ICT carried out a study called Penetration and Perception of Telework in public entities in Colombia, in which remote work was taken into account and it was evidenced that only 6% of those surveyed work under this modality. , while teleworking has achieved greater penetration both in companies, entities and among workers. In 2020, according to the Fifth Study on the Perception and Penetration of Teleworking in companies, carried out by the Centro Nacional de Consultoría and MinTIC, 4 out of 10 companies in Colombia had implemented a remote work modality. In total, 17,253 companies that implemented teleworking were registered, which generated an increase in teleworkers (209,173). Most of the companies (75%) that have implemented this modality do so under the autonomous model, that is, it allows teleworkers to choose the place from which they will carry out their work activities. This can be their own home or a place other than the company, although they can go to the office for specific meetings. Likewise, it was identified that 17% do so under the supplementary model, that is, they work two or three days from a fixed place other than the office and the rest of the time they work at the company.

While in the case of the mobile model, it was found that it is used by 8%. In this alternative, teleworkers do not have an established workplace and their primary tools to develop professional activities are Information and Communication Technologies on mobile devices.

supplementary model

The results of the sixth Telework Penetration and Perception Study carried out at the end of last year, which was applied to State entities, show an important variation in terms of the models used for teleworking. According to the analysis, 41% of public entities have teleworking as an implemented modality, showing a positive evolution of 3 percentage points, compared to the previous measurement of 2019, when it was 38%. It is a modality that, on average, has been practiced for a year and a half. The main modality used is the supplementary one, locating 71% of the respondents in this model. While the autonomous, which was the main model in 2020, fell to second place by registering 29% and the mobile has no registered percentage. 97% of those who carry out supplementary telework do so from home, 6% do so from the office, 3% work from a satellite office and 2% from a telecentre or public site with access to computers and the Internet, according to the same study. From the point of view of public servants, satisfaction is perceived with non-face-to-face employment modalities. Where 53% work from home, 41% telework and 6% do remote work. 77% of those surveyed see teleworking as a work modality in Colombia. And 9 out of 10 entities see teleworking as a work modality in the country viable, being the result of the sowing of the MinTIC strategy and the situation; because this is perceived as a way to optimize resources and that allows greater competitiveness in the entities. From the ICT Ministry, we suggest that if you want to know how to implement these forms of distance work, take into account the following rules: Teleworking: Law 1221 of 2008 definition modalities and promotion of teleworking in the country, decree 0884 of 2012 Manual of functions technology prevention professional risks

  • Decree 1072 of 2015: compendium of labor regulations, including teleworking

  • Circular 027 of 2019 Mintrabajo: agreement between the parties

  • Work at home: Law 2088 of 2021 that regulates the authorization to work at home

  • Decree 1662 of 2021: regulates the authorization of work at home for the public sector

  • Remote work Law 2121 of 2021: creates a new form of execution of the employment contract, called remote work.

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By: Canal Trece

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